Decarbonising Indian Transport for a Greener Future

It is reported that the transport sector accounts for 13.5% of the country's energy-related CO2 emissions, and  road transport accounts for 90% of  the sector's final energy consumption.

India's truck market is expected to quadruple by 2050, according to a September 2022 report by state-run think tank Niti Aayog working to transform the energy system.

India is likely to keep taking a piecemeal approach, and this will slow down its transition to  a low-carbon future and likely increase the costs of decarbonization.

Electric railroads that are secure and dependable can especially ease the strain on the road system. India's rail network has essentially remained the same for the last 60 years with comparatively little investment.

Government’s model of electrification and the decarbonization of the power sector are necessary to cut emissions, but demand-side policies might help ease the burden on the amount of electrified transportation.